Hexagram 43 Guai / Breakthrough is made up of a broken (dark) line at the top with five non broken (light) lines below. It signifies that one weak line is sitting on top of five strong lines.
If in a prognostication, only the top line of Hexagram 1 Qian changes, the changed hexagram is Hexagram 43 Guai. It also means that the arrogant dragon in the top line of Hexagram 1 Qian becomes a weak line or inferior man sitting on top of the changed hexagram oppressing the five superior men below.
Remember my entries on the three types of men where a Junzi (superior man) or even a Da Ren (great man) can turn into a Xiao Ren (inferior man)? The arrogant dragon was once a Junzi or a Da Ren until he forgotten about the Way of Man.
The Judgment of Hexagram Guai says:
Breakthrough. One must resolutely make the matter known at the court of the king. It must be announced truthfully. Danger. It is necessary to notify one’s own city. It does not further to resort to arms. It furthers one to undertake something.
Readers may ask how this judgment leads to revolution. It seems not. But read on.
The announcement is of an inferior man occupying a ruling position and oppressing superior men. There is danger in this truthful announcement but it is the right thing to do at this time.
Pause and think of how the revolution started in Tunisia and in Egypt.
The people have had enough of their oppressor (s) after so long. And they made a truthful announcement. Whether citizens of other states will revolt or not, or will be successful or not depends on many other factors. But resoluteness is key here (another meaning of this Hexagram).
The five superior men representing the people have to be resolute to push out the inferior man oppressing them. If the pushed out oppressor happens to be a ruler of the state, then there will be a change of government as a result of a revolution.
If only the rulers of nations understand and follow what the Holy sages and the ancients taught about the Tao of Man, then they would not have to face such dire consequences now or in the foreseeable future. As always in the Book of Changes, there are depicted ways out but it is too late to do anything. The tension build up and accumulated through the decades has to be released.
In case the discerning still does not agree that Breakthrough leads to Revolution, read this recent prognostication given by the Yi (by coincidence as usual over the years):
Nine in the second place means:
A cry of alarm. Arms at evening and at night. Fear nothing.
With this one line change, Hexagram 43 Guai / Breakthrough changed to Hexagram 49 Ge / Revolution.
The Judgment of Hexagram Ge says:
Revolution. On your own day you are believed. Supreme success, furthering through perseverance. Remorse disappears.
Good luck to the revolutionaries and the peoples oppressed by ruler(s) of their nation(s).
Meanwhile the Junzi and the able have to be watchful at all times. Since the great light has only just returned to Earth (refer earlier entry on ‘The returning great light’).